Components of Braces
- Bracket – individual bracket is bonded on each tooth with a semi-permanent “paste.”
- Bands – a metal ring that is placed on your molar teeth. Bands are usually placed if an appliance, such as a headgear, face-mask, or an expander, is used.
- Archwire – When brackets are placed, a light flexible wire is first used to align teeth. As teeth become straighter, a thick “anchor” wire is placed that allows a major movement of teeth, space closures, and bite correction.
- Alastik “O” ties – these O-ties allow the archwire to sit into the bracket slot.
- Elastics– These rubber bands are given to patients to allow major bite correction to occur.
Types of Braces
Appliances are used in growing patients to allow more favorable growth of the jaw relationship
- Headgear– Headgear is used in patients whose upper jaw growth is positioned more forward than the lower jaw. It restrains the growth of the upper jaw while allowing the lower jaw to come forward and “catch up” with the upper jaw growth.
- Distalizer – Often the bite correction is what takes the longest in your overall treatment time. Depending on your condition, you may benefit from using a distalizer appliance to accomplish the major bite correction prior to having braces put on. This reduces the time you actually have to have braces on your teeth.
- Facemask– also called Reverse Headgear. This type of appliance is used on patients with underbite. Facemask restrains the growth of the lower jaw while allowing the upper jaw to come forward and “catch up” with the lower jaw growth.
- Expander– expander is used to in patients with narrow upper jaw with a posterior crossbite. This appliance allows expansion of the upper jaw (palatal suture).